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Heaps’ law: M = kTb
M is the size of the vocabulary, T is the number of tokens in the collection
Typical values: 30 ≤ k ≤ 100 and b ≈ 0.5
In a log-log plot of vocabulary size M vs. T, Heaps’ law predicts a line with slope about ½
It is the simplest possible relationship between the two in log-log space
An empirical finding (“empirical law”)
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