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Web Science – The Computer Science of the 21st Century (cont')

  • Assumptions describe the generality of the problem solving approach:
    • Assuming that there is only one solution allows stopping the search for an optimum immediately after a solution has been found. 
    • Instead of a global optimization method, a much simpler heuristic search method can be used in this case, which would still deliver a global optimum.
  • Computational complexity (scalability) or the resources that are required to fill the gap between the assumptions and the goals.
  • Computer science in the 20th century was about perfect solutions in closed domains and applications. 
  • Web science, the new computer science of the 21st century, will be about approximate solutions and frameworks that capture the relationships of partial solutions and requirements in terms of computational costs, i.e., the proper balance of their ratio.

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