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Internationalized Resource Identifiers

  • The IRI (Internationalized Resource Identifier) mechanism provides a way to identify resources
    • IRIs may point to resources on the Web (in which case the IRI can start with 'http://'), but this is not necessary (e.g. books can be identified through IRIs starting with 'urn:isbn:')
      • "http://example.org/PersonOntology#Human" 
      • "http://www.uibk.ac.at/"
  • An IRI can be abbreviated to a Compact URI - it consists of two parts, namely, the namespace prefix and the local part
    • A Compact URI is written using a namespace prefix and a localname, separated by a hash ('#'): namespace_prefix#localname

      dc#title (http://purl.org/dc/elements/1.1#title) 
      foaf#name (http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/name) 
      xsd#string (http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#string) 
      Person (http://example.org/#Person) 
      hasChild (http://example.org/#hasChild)

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