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Namespaces and Identifiers (cont')

  • Namespaces can be used to syntactically distinguish elements of multiple WSML specifications and, more generally, resources on the Web. A namespace denotes a syntactical domain for naming resources.
  • Whenever a WSML specification has a specific identifier which corresponds to a Web address, it is good practice to have a relevant document on the location pointed to by the identifier. This can either be the WSML document itself or a natural language document related to the WSML document. Note that the identifier of an ontology does not have to coincide with the location of the ontology. It is good practice, however, to include a related document, possibly pointing to the WSML specification itself, at the location pointed to by the identifier.
  • For identifiers: If the same identifier is used for different definitions, it is interpreted differently depending on the context. In a concept definition, an identifier is interpreted as a concept; in a relation definition this same identifier is interpreted as a relation. If, however, the same identifier is used in separate definitions, but with the same context, then the interpretation of the identifier has to conform to both definitions and thus the definitions are interpreted in a connectional way. For example, if there are two concept definitions which are attached to the same concept identifier, the resulting concept definition includes all attributes of the original definitions. Also if the same attribute is defined in both concept definitions, the range of the resulting attribute will be equivalent to the connection of the ranges of the original attributes.

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