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Agents as Intentional Systems
When explaining human activity, it is often useful to make statements such as the following:
Janine took her umbrella because she believed it was going to rain.
Michael worked hard because he wanted to possess a PhD.
These statements make use of a folk psychology, by which human behavior is predicted and explained through the attribution of attitudes, such as believing and wanting (as in the above examples), hoping, fearing, and so on.
The attitudes employed in such folk psychological descriptions are called the intentional notions.