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What is “Artificial Intelligence”?

  • Many definitions exist, among them:

    • “The study of the computations that make it possible to perceive, reason, and act” (Winston, 1992)

    • “A field of study that seeks to explain and emulate [human] intelligent behaviour in terms of computational processes” (Schalkoff, 1990)

  • It is an interdisciplinary field that is based on results from philosphy, psychology, linguistics, or brain sciences

  • Difference to “traditional” computer science: Emphasis on cognition, reasoning, and acting

  • Generative theory of intelligence:

    • Intelligence emerges from the orchestration of multiple processes

    • Process models of intelligent behaviour can be investigated and simulated on machines


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