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Logic and Deduction

  • Logic is used to formalize deduction

  • Deduction = derivation of true statements (called conclusions ) from statements that are assumed to be true (called premises )

  • Natural language is not precise, so the careless use of logic can lead to claims that false statements are true, or to claims that a statement is true, even tough its truth does not necessarily follow from the premises

      => Logic provides a way to talk about truth and correctness in a rigorous way, so that we can prove things, rather than make intelligent guesses and just hope they are correct

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