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Logical Reasoning

Deductive Reasoning

  • starts with the assertion of a general rule and proceeds from there to a guaranteed specific conclusion
  • "from the general rule to the specific application"   

Inductive Reasoning

  • begins with observations that are specific and limited in scope, and proceeds to a generalized conclusion that is likely, but not certain, in light of accumulated evidence
  • "from the specific to the general"

 Abductive Reasoning

  • begins with an incomplete set of observations and proceeds to the likeliest possible explanation for the set   

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