Title slide


What is open?

  • A piece of data or content is open, as defined by the Open Definition, “if anyone is free to use, reuse, and redistribute it — subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and/or share-alike.
  • In open education, for a resource to be open, it must be both gratis and free/open.
    • gratis means one must be able to access the educational resource at no cost
    • free/open means one must have the legal rights to reuse, revise, remix and redistribute the resource and/or adaptations of the resource.
  • Further discussion:

What is education?

Education involves a wide range of activities. The core processes of formal education:
  • policy at a national through institutional level on how institutions are run
  • administration , dealing with recruitment, admissions, retention, progression, graduation, timetabling, reporting, and so on;
  • teaching , including mentoring and all non-instructivist activities around the deliberate nurturing of knowledge;
  • learning , which may be the only necessary activity here;
  • assessment , summative, formative and diagnostic;
  • accreditation , saying and recognizing who learnt what.

Academic and business topics that inform or influence these processes: 

  • politics,
  • management studies,
  • pedagogy,
  • psychology,
  • philosophy,
  • library functions,
  • Human Resource functions such as recruitment and staff development.

What is open education?

  • is a collective term that is used to refer to many practices and activities that have both openness and education at their centers
  • is first and foremost about removing barriers to education
    • removing entry requirements (Open University)
    • making content and data freely and legally available for reuse
  • reflects other cultural changes, such as the move to open up learning methods and practices
    • blurring or removal of traditional roles such as teacher and student
    • moving towards roles such as mentor and learner
Further information:

History of open education

  • started as public library movement in the 19th century
  • continues with institutions like the Open University in the UK

Detailed information:

Is traditional education not open?

  • Both traditional and Open education are not open to all
  • Traditional education did not strive to be open to all
  • Not all initiatives within open education are currently open to all, but inclusivity (or more accurately, equality) is core to open education. 

Further discussion:


Impact of Open education on education

The full effect of open education is yet to be seen:

  • cultural shift that is needed for open education to reach its potential will take time
  • open education is still in its infancy


  • The Jisc OER Impact Study (November 2010 - June 2011, University of Oxford) concluded that OER's main impact factors are pedagogic, attitudinal, logistical and strategic
  • The OER Research Hub research will be reported in forthcoming years
  • The paper, notes significant adoption hurdles to OER, including discoverability, quality control, failure to organise and acquisition.

Other resources:

Benefit from open education

Organisations, groups and individuals benefit from open education.These include:

Further discussion:

Conferences about open education


Events for open education


Creator: darya (VUA)


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